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September 12, 2022
  • By petrozim

A bear market is a period when stocks are generally falling, and the economy is doing poorly. If the idea of a bear market coming in and wiping out years of gains makes you feel sick, then conservative investments may be right for you. These include options like cash, money market funds, CDs, and bonds. The average length of a bear market is 289 days, or about 9.6 months. That’s significantly shorter than the average length of a bull market, which is 973 days or 2.7 years. Stocks lose 36% on average in a bear market.1 By contrast, stocks gain 112% on average during a bull market.

bull vs bear market

The stock market can be bearish even while bull markets are occurring in other asset classes and vice versa. If the stock market is bullish and you’re concerned about price inflation, then allocating a portion of your portfolio to gold or real estate may be a smart choice. If the stock Forex news market is bearish, then you can consider increasing your portfolio’s allocation to bonds or even converting a portion of your portfolio into cash. You can also consider geographically diversifying your holdings to benefit from bull markets occurring in other regions of the world.

Summary Bull And Bear Markets

Baker is passionate about helping people make sense of complicated financial topics so that they can plan for their financial futures. The longest bull market lasted from 2009 to 2020 and resulted in stock growth of more than 400%. Investors should carefully consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses. But, what if things take an unexpected turn and you sense a bear market emerging? In this case, the best strategy is to reduce your positions, especially those in lesser-proven crypto.

bull vs bear market

The Open to the Public Investing, Inc website provides its users’ links to social media sites and email. However, these messages can be deleted or edited by Open to the Public Investing, Inc users, who are under no obligation to send any pre-populated messages. Any comments or statements made herein do not reflect the views of Open to the Public Investing, Inc or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates. Note that certain Open to the Public Investing, Inc product features listed are currently in development and will be available soon. Open to the Public Investing, Inc., may receive payment for order flow through third parties. The years following the dot-com burst of the early-2000s saw a massive dip in the stock market as well as the shuttering of countless tech companies.

Why Do Bull Markets Sometimes Falter And Become Bear Markets?

Finally, some investors attempt to exploit profits from the downward price movements. One method is to sell at the beginning of a downward turn, when prices are still high. There are several well-known bulls and bears in American history. The longest-lived bull market in US history is the one that started in 2009 and is currently in progress, as of late 2019. By the 18th century, the phrase “bear-skin jobber” had become a pejorative for sellers, especially the disreputable ones who actively bet that prices will fall.

  • Typically, this occurs alongside sound economic conditions, such as low unemployment rates and strong gross domestic product .
  • However, some analysts suggest a bull market cannot happen within a bear market.
  • These terms describe how stock markets are doing in general—that is, whether they are appreciating or depreciating in value.

For instance, someone nearing retirement may want to steer clear of individual stocks since they can be quite volatile. Angling towards investments like ETFs and bonds might instead be in order. A bullish investor, also known as a bull, believes that the price of one or more securities will rise. Sometimes a bullish investor believes that the market as a whole is due to go up, foreseeing general gains.

How To Invest In A Bear Market?

Bear markets are characterized by investors’ pessimism and low confidence. During a bear market, investors often seem to ignore any good news and continue selling quickly, pushing prices even lower. Whether stocks are in a bull market or bear market can give a quick approximation of how the market is performing and what investors’ economic expectations are. As an investor, you should always look at the wider market conditions before making any decisions.

Bear markets have historically not lasted as long as bull markets in the stock market. The U.S. stock market entered a bear market in March 2020 when prices fell more than 30 percent in just a matter of weeks. But the recovery was nearly as swift, with a new bull market starting later that year. A bull market is when a major stock market index rises at least 20% from a recent low. With a bull market, stock prices steadily increase, and investors are optimistic and encouraged about the stock market’s future performance.

So, the key is to really be able to understand historical trends and stay updated with cryptocurrency news. You’ll likely run into a couple of bulls and bears for as long as you’re investing in crypto, so it’s best to consider investing in both. A bull run refers to an extended period during which a lot of investors are purchasing cryptocurrencies.

A primary trend has broad support throughout the entire market and lasts for a year or more. These terms are first documented by Thomas Mortimer in his book Every Man His Own Broker. Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us.

Stay up-to-date with the latest financial guidelines and resources here. Bankrate follows a strict editorial policy, so you can trust that our content is honest and accurate. Our award-winning editors and reporters create honest and accurate content to help you make the right financial decisions. The content created by our editorial staff is objective, factual, and not influenced by our advertisers. Bankrate follows a strict editorial policy, so you can trust that we’re putting your interests first. While we adhere to strict editorial integrity, this post may contain references to products from our partners.

bull vs bear market

Open to the Public Investing, Inc is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Public Holdings Inc. News Corp is a global, diversified media and information services company focused on creating and distributing authoritative and engaging content and other products and services. Download my Ultimate Guide to Working from Home to learn all of my best strategies for the short term, AND the long term. Another 17thcentury theory suggests that the term “bull” originates from the London Stock Exchange bulletin board. A board full of bulletins meant the market was strong, while a bare bulletin board meant the market was weak.

On the flip side, a bear market is a period of contraction, characterized by falling prices. It generally occurs amid investor pessimism and shaken confidence and is often accompanied with economic downturn, such as recession. Unlike bull markets, supply exceeds demand within bear markets, thus causing drops in price. Many investors take their money out of financial markets, waiting for a positive move.

Why It Matters To Investors

Bear markets tend to be shorter than bull markets — 363 days on average — versus 1,742 days for bull markets. They also tend to be less statistically severe, with average losses of 33% compared with bull market average gains of 159%, according to data compiled by Invesco. The investing information provided on this page is for educational purposes only.

There is a sustained increase in asset prices in a bull market, accompanied by a strong economy and high employment levels. The U.S. stock market was in a bullish mode after recovering from the 2008 financial crisis until pandemic-related uncertainty caused a market crash in 2020. The chart below shows that, aside from minor market corrections, a bull market persisted for more than a decade.

During bull markets, investors tend to be optimistic and reward even modestly good news with higher stock prices, fueling an upward spiral. “Bull” and “bear” are Wall Street terms used to describe the performance of the stock market. A bull market is when stocks are rising, and a bear market is when stocks are falling. It’s hard to predict when the markets will turn from bull to bear or back again.

Phil’s goal is to help you learn how to invest and achieve financial independence. Gordon Scott has been an active investor and technical analyst of securities, futures, forex, and penny stocks for 20+ years. He is a member of the Investopedia Financial Review Board and the co-author of Investing to Win. Bear markets can be scary, but they don’t tend to last very long — though that’s admittedly cold comfort for investors going through one. A long bull marketoccurred from the early-1980s up until the dot-com bubble bursting in the early-2000s.

So, the issue is not knowing when exactly the dip will last, and how much further prices can drop. As a result, you might make a premature buy or miss out on a good investment. During a bear market, the economy is slow with high unemployment rates. These conditions can arise from poor economic policies, geopolitical crises, burst market bubbles and even natural disasters. The term “bull market” is believed to have originated from a bull’s fighting style, wherein it attacks its opponents with its horns in an upward motion. Today, a “bullish” market or investor usually connotes optimism concerning an asset’s continued rise in value.

“Zero-commission” or “commission-free” means $0 commission for Open to the Public Investing, Inc. self-directed individual brokerage accounts that trade U.S. listed securities electronically. You may change your billing preferences at any time in the Customer Center or call Customer Service. You may cancel your subscription at anytime bull vs bear market difference by calling Customer Service. Whether the market is up or down, there are always opportunities to start earning more on the side. If you want to learn more, download my Ultimate Guide to Making Money for FREE. If a country’s GDP is high that means consumer spending is also high — a common indicator of a flourishing economy.

Understanding Bull Markets

Thus, most of the profitability can be found in short selling or safer investments, such as fixed-income securities. In the investing world, the terms “bull” and “bear” are frequently used to refer to market conditions. These terms describe how stock markets are doing in general—that is, whether they are appreciating or depreciating in value.

And as an investor, the direction of the market is a major force that has a huge impact on your portfolio. So, it’s important to understand how each of these market conditions may impact your investments. Understanding the trends of bull versus bear markets will help inform an investor on when it may be best to buy or sell a stock. As a trader, you may agree with this sentiment and become bullish on stocks with the anticipation of a specific company’s shares rising or a stock index going up. According to standard theory, a decrease in price will result in less supply and more demand, while an increase in price will do the opposite.

International Investments

The conditions of a bull market include low unemployment, high GDP, and rising stock prices. The term “bull market” refers to a stock market that has been rising; a “bear market” is one where prices have been falling. In both cases, the zoological terms tend to kick in when prices rise or fall by 20% or more. When it comes to individual Super profitability investors, a “bull” expects stocks to rise, while a “bear” acts on the assumption they will fall. In this study, we investigate the changes in stock price and trading volume simultaneously in both bull and bear markets. The purpose is to demonstrate how loss aversion is reflected on the changes in trading volume and price.

In respective scenarios, the bull will thrust its horns in the air, whereas a bear will stamp its paws down on its prey. The bear sold a borrowed stock with a delivery date specified in the future. This was done with the expectation that stock prices would go down and the stock could be bought back at the lower price, with the difference from the selling price kept as profit. This type of selling was used by many people involved in an early eighteenth-century scandal in England known as the South Sea Bubble.

That generally means making your investments more conservative, or cash-, bond- and fixed-income-based, than you have before. While bear markets have become less frequent overall since World War II, they still happen about once every 5.4 years. During your lifetime, you can expect to live through approximately 14 bear markets. Eric ReedEric Reed is a freelance journalist who specializes in economics, policy and global issues, with substantial coverage of finance and personal finance. He has contributed to outlets including The Street, CNBC, Glassdoor and Consumer Reports. Eric’s work focuses on the human impact of abstract issues, emphasizing analytical journalism that helps readers more fully understand their world and their money.

The words “bear market” strike fear into the hearts of many investors. But these deep market downturns are unavoidable, and often relatively short, especially compared with the duration of bull markets, when the market is rising in value. Investors waste a lot of energy trying to guess when a bull market is ending so that they can sell or guess when a bear market is ending so that they can buy. The reality is that no one can predict those turning points consistently. Most investors do a lot better by just holding on through bull and bear markets. However, there have also been 27 bull markets—and stocks have risen significantly over the long term..

Author: Justin McQueen